Collagen. Collagen is a type of protein found extensively throughout the body. It supports skin, internal organs, muscles, bone, and cartilage. One-third (70%) of the body’s connective tissue in the dermis is made of collagen, and gerontologists have found that this is where the aging process of the skin takes place. Collagen works in tandem with elastin to give skin its texture, structure, and appearance. Sun damage (extrinsic aging) and aging (intrinsic aging) causes collagen in the skin to deteriorate. As a cosmetic ingredient, collagen is derived from animal sources, but plant derivatives that act like collagen (pseudo-collagen) are also used. In any form, collagen is a good water-binding agent.
Placenta. The Placenta is a membranous organ that develops in female mammals during pregnancy, lining the uterine walls and partially enveloping the fetus, to which it is attached by the umbilical cord.
The Placenta plays an important role for the embryo as provider of an important row of growth factors such as vitamins (A,B,C,E) amino acids, trace elements (Mg, Ca, Mn, Si, P, Fe, Cu). Furthermore it contains enzymes, Alkaline Phosphate as well as Oestrogen and Androgen, but also Corticosteroids and Thyrotrophic Hormones, of which maybe the Chorionic Gonadotropin is the best known.
As the Placenta contains all the essential amino acids and many different vitamins this product is an important ingredient in nutraceuticals and O.T.C. products like sport drinks used by athletes as well as in products that improve the immune system.
Placenta is also known to have the effect of tightening the skin and of increasing the blood circulation in tissue and is therefore a product often used in the cosmetic field for facial creams, for shampoos to stimulate the hair and to avoid frizziness and to bring back vitality.
Hyaluronic Acid. Also known as sodium hyaluronate. Hyaluronic Acid is a chemical naturally produced in the human body responsible for healthy cellular interaction. Increasingly, hyaluronic acid is being used in the skin care market, especially in anti-aging treatments, as it has the remarkable ability to hold up to 1000 times its weight in water. This provides an incredible moisturizing effect while helping to diminish the appearance of fine lines.
L-Ascorbic Acid. Form of vitamin C that is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. However, claims that it can eliminate or prevent wrinkles when applied topically are not substantiated in any published studies. In addition, it is stable only in a formulation with a low pH, and that is potentially irritating for skin.
Topical vitamin C must be in the form of L-ascorbic acid to be useful to the body and skin. Vitamin C is what is known as an antioxidant. Antioxidants protect skin by neutralizing free radicals, which would otherwise destroy skin and its components. These free radicals are stimulated by ultraviolet light and also occur naturally in the oxygen atmosphere.
Vitamin C and Collagen: Vitamin C is the only antioxidant that has been proven to increase collagen synthesis. Collagen synthesis is essential to maintain healthy skin. Studies show that collagen decreases with aging and that photoaging accelerates the decrease. L-ascorbic acid serves as a signal, relaying a critical message to collagen genes to synthesize collagen, as well as being a cofactor for two enzymes important in collagen synthesis.
Peptide. promotes the synthesis of collagen and elastin, strengthening the skin tissue and reconstruction of skin, increase firmness and elasticity, reduces muscular nerve exercise to avoid lines. Peptides are important because they signal the skin to produce protein such as collagen. Peptides improve the appearance of the skin by stimulating collagen production, thus addressing fine lines and wrinkles and give the skin a more youthful look.
Sake Vinasse. Sake Vinasse replenishes moisture and repairs the skin through naturally occurring enzymes from rice fermentation that catalyze skin cells into action, increasing cellular renewal, softness and brightness. It has the whitening effect for skin. Some people also claim that it contains Ferulic Acid and Linoleic Acid, so it also has the effect of antioxidant and soften.
Coenzyme Q10. A major factor in the basic functioning of human organs and the energizing of cellular activity, Coenzyme Q10, or ubiquinone, is an essential, life-giving antioxidant that is naturally synthesized in the body.
Antioxidants are widely known in the medical and cosmetic world for their ability to heal and protect the skin and body. As the outermost layer and largest organ of our bodies, the skin is continuously and unavoidably exposed to damaging environmental factors such as pollutants, smoke and the sun ultraviolet radiation. Photo-damaging and the deterioration of the skin natural defensive barriers and elasticity by constant exposure to pollution and free radical activity in skin contribute heavily to premature aging.
The beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 extend further by actively promoting the healthier, more expedient function of the metabolism, the efficient burning of carbohydrates and fat and proper processing of vitamins and nutrients. As is common with certain naturally occurring nutritional substances within the body, Coenzyme Q10 levels are known to decrease with age, or even with the consumption of certain prescription drugs. When the body is young, it is able to synthesis Q10 out of smaller chains of Coenzyme Q, such as Q6 or Q8, an ability that is lost as we age. With diminished levels of Coenzyme Q10 evident just after twenty years of age in most cases, replenishing depleted levels in skin can delay visible signs of aging in the long run. Increasing Coenzyme Q10 earlier on can relieve oxidative stress and damage in tissue helping to maintain more youthful looking skin.
Pigmentation. Pigmentation is the coloring of a person's skin. When a person is healthy, his or her skin will appear normal in color. In the case of illness or injury, the person's skin may change color, becoming darker (hyperpigmentation) or lighter (hypopigmentation).
Hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation refers to skin that has turned darker than normal where the change that has occurred is unrelated to sun exposure. Cells called melanocytes located in the skin produce melanin. Melanin gives the skin its color. In certain conditions melanocytes can become abnormal and cause an excessive amount of darkening in the color of the skin. Although unsightly, the condition is usually harmless. Hyperpigmentation can affect the skin color of people of any race.